Thursday, August 27, 2020
Review of the 27th Amendment Taking about 203 years and the endeavors of an undergrad to at long last win sanction, the 27th Amendment has probably the most abnormal history of any correction at any point made to the U.S. Constitution. The 27th Amendment necessitates that any increments or diminishes in the base compensation paid to individuals from Congress may not produce results until the following term of office for the U.S. delegates starts. This implies another congressional general political decision more likely than not been held before the salary increase or cut can produce results. The purpose of the Amendment is to keep Congress from allowing itself quick increases in salary. The total content of the 27th Amendment states: Ã¢â¬Å"No law, differing the pay for the administrations of the Senators and Representatives, will produce results, until an appointment of delegates will have intervened.Ã¢â¬ Note that individuals from Congress are likewise legitimately qualified to get a similar yearly average cost for basic items change (COLA) raise given to other government representatives. The 27th Amendment doesn't make a difference to these alterations. The COLA raises produce results consequently on January 1 of every year except if Congress, through the entry of a joint goals, votes to decrease them - as it has done since 2009. While the 27th Amendment is the ConstitutionÃ¢â¬â¢s most as of late embraced alteration, it is additionally one of the initial ones proposed. History of the 27th Amendment As it is today, congressional compensation was a fervently discussed point in 1787 during the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Benjamin Franklin restricted paying congress individuals any pay whatsoever. Doing as such, Franklin contended, would bring about agents looking for office just to promote their Ã¢â¬Å"selfish pursuits.Ã¢â¬ However, a greater part of representatives dissented; calling attention to that FranklinÃ¢â¬â¢s payless arrangement would bring about a Congress made up just of well off individuals who could manage the cost of holding government workplaces. All things considered, FranklinÃ¢â¬â¢s remarks moved the agents to search for an approach to ensure individuals didn't look for open office basically as an approach to stuff their wallets.Ã¢ The agents reviewed their contempt for an element of the English government called Ã¢â¬Å"placemen.Ã¢â¬ Placemen were situated individuals from Parliament who were selected by the King to all the while serve in generously compensated managerial workplaces like presidential bureau secretaries essentially to purchase their good votes in Parliament. To forestall placemen in America, the Framers incorporated the Incompatibility Clause of Article I, Section 6 of the Constitution. Called the Ã¢â¬Å"Cornerstone of the ConstitutionÃ¢â¬ by the Framers, the Incompatibility Clause expresses that Ã¢â¬Å"no Person holding any Office under the United States, will be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.Ã¢â¬ Fine, yet to the subject of how much individuals from Congress would be paid, the Constitution states just that their compensations ought to be as Ã¢â¬Å"ascertained by LawÃ¢â¬ - which means Congress would set its own compensation. To a large portion of the American individuals and particularly to James Madison, that seemed like an impractical notion. Enter the Bill of Rights In 1789, Madison, to a great extent to address the worries of the Anti-Federalists, proposed the 12 - instead of 10 - corrections that would turn into the Bill of Rights when endorsed in 1791. One of the two corrections not effectively approved at the time would in the end become the 27th Amendment. While Madison didn't need Congress to have the ability to give itself raises, he additionally felt that giving the president a one-sided capacity to set congressional pay rates would give the official branch a lot of authority over the administrative branch to be in the soul of the arrangement of Ã¢â¬Å"separation of powersÃ¢â¬ epitomized all through the Constitution.Ã¢ Rather, Madison recommended that the proposed revision necessitate that a congressional political decision needed to happen before any boost in salary could produce results. That way, he contended, if the individuals felt the raise was excessively enormous, they could cast a ballot Ã¢â¬Å"the rascalsÃ¢â¬ out of office when they ran for re-appointment. The Epic Ratification of the 27th Amendment On September 25, 1789, what might a lot later become the 27th Amendment was recorded as the second of 12 revisions sent to the states for confirmation. After fifteen months, when 10 of the 12 alterations had been confirmed to turn into the Bill of Rights, the future 27th Amendment was not among them. When the Bill of Rights was endorsed in 1791, just six states had confirmed the congressional compensation revision. Be that as it may, when the First Congress passed the Amendment in 1789, officials had not determined a period limit inside which the Amendment must be sanctioned by the states. By 1979 - after 188 years - just 10 of the 38 states required had sanctioned the 27th Amendment. Understudy to the Rescue Similarly as the 27th Amendment seemed bound to turn out to be minimal in excess of a commentary in history books, along came Gregory Watson, a sophomore understudy at the University of Texas in Austin. In 1982, Watson was allocated to compose a paper on government forms. Looking into established changes that had not been confirmed; he composed his exposition on the congressional compensation correction. Watson contended that since Congress had not set a period limit in 1789, it not exclusively could however ought to be endorsed now. Sadly for Watson, yet luckily for the 27th Amendment, he was given a C on his paper. After his interests to get the evaluation raised were dismissed, Watson chose to take his intrigue to the American individuals in a major manner. Met by NPR in 2017 Watson expressed, Ã¢â¬Å"I thought at that moment, Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢m going to get that thing ratified.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Watson began by sending letters to state and government administrators, a large portion of who just documented. The one special case was U.S. Congressperson William Cohen who persuaded his home territory of Maine to endorse the change in 1983. Driven to a great extent by the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s disappointment with the exhibition of Congress contrasted with its quickly rising pay rates and advantages during the 1980s, the 27th Amendment confirmation development developed from a stream to a flood. During 1985 alone, five additional states confirmed it, and when Michigan endorsed it on May 7, 1992, the necessary 38 states had gone with the same pattern. The 27th Amendment was formally affirmed as an article of the U.S. Constitution on May 20, 1992 - a stunning 202 years, 7 months, and 10 days after the First Congress had proposed it. Impacts and Legacy of the 27th Amendment The long-overdue approval of an alteration keeping Congress from casting a ballot itself a prompt increase in salary stunned individuals from Congress and bewildered lawful researchers who addressed whether a proposition composed by James Madison could in any case become some portion of the Constitution almost 203 years after the fact. Throughout the years since its last sanction, the down to earth impact of the 27th Amendment has been insignificant. Congress has casted a ballot to dismiss its yearly programmed typical cost for basic items raise since 2009 and individuals realize that proposing a general salary increase would be politically damaging.Ã¢ In that sense alone, the 27th Amendment speaks to a significant measure of the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s report card on Congress as the centuries progressed. What's more, what of our saint, undergrad Gregory Watson? In 2017, the University of Texas perceived his place in history by finally raising the evaluation on his 35-year-old exposition from a C to an A.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
What is Ã¢â¬Å"The German QuestionÃ¢â¬ ? What is Ã¢â¬Å"The German QuestionÃ¢â¬ ? This is an inquiry that has been presented by numerous investigators throughout the years, each having their own perspectives on what satisfies this inquiry. In any case, each concurs that it is an issue of high multifaceted nature. As indicated by Constantin Frantz, Ã¢â¬Å"The German Question is the most dark, generally included and most extensive issue in the entire of current historyÃ¢â¬ . What makes GermanysÃ¢â¬â¢ question so hard to pinpoint is the way that for the entirety of its reality, until 1871 and again in 1990, it has attempted to bind together a country into a solitary state. As history appears, the German country has attempted to make its own country state. In contrast to France and Britain, Germany was a country before it was a state. That is, its kin had a solid feeling of patriotism and basic way of life as a social element yet they were deficient with regards to a solid state, or a type of political association that as serts the selective option to administer a particular bit of an area. As Dahrendorf states; Ã¢â¬Å"We need to discover what it is in German culture that may represent GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s steady inability to give a home to majority rule government in its liberal senseÃ¢â¬ . Yet, can we truly investigate the issue along these lines? It has not generally been the equivalent Ã¢â¬Å"persistent failureÃ¢â¬ thwarting Germany from giving a home for majority rule government, yet rather the issues looked by Germany since the beginning. To genuinely comprehend the German circumstance and its numerous battles for unification, it is imperative to know the historical backdrop of the current day Germany. This history is an extremely one of a kind one, one totally different from other European countries, for example, France and Britain. Along these lines one can draw sharp complexities between the procedure of national unification in Germany when contrasted with France or Britain. Be that as it may, when set up; Ã¢â¬Å"Compared with its chronicled forerunners in England and France, industrialization in Germany happened late, rapidly, and thoroughlyÃ¢â¬ . Early German history can be followed back to the House of the Hohenzollern. A group of German rulers, beginning as a group of includes in Swabia in the eleventh or twelfth century. The Hohenzollerns managed Prussia and in the end joined together and governed Germany until the finish of World War I. Their solid, unbendingly taught armed forces gave Prussia a notoriety f or military greatness. During the sixteenth and seventeenth hundreds of years, regional rulers and city committees in Germany extended their ... ...have given some understanding on noting these two significant parts of Ã¢â¬Å"The German QuestionÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"When is Germany? Generally, over the most recent hundred years. Where is Germany? In all regions that had a place with Germany during this range of time.Ã¢â¬ I accept this is really the most significant part of the German Question given the countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ steady battle for unification. Since Germany is at last rejoined it is on a straight track to the incredible nation it ought to be. Reference index Conradt, David P. The German Polity, Longman Publishing. New York, 2001. Dahrendorf, Ralf. Society and Democracy in Germany, Norton and Company. Lamborn and Lepgold, World Politics into the Twenty-First Century. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River. 2003 Microsoft Encarta Premium Online; Germany. Reference book Source. History of Germany. 2004. Niewyk, Donald. Talk Notes; Inside Nazi Germany. 2004 Rosinus, Franz. Meeting; Topics; German government, Helmut Kohl, ideological groups. 2004. Sax, Benjamin. Inside HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Germany. Heath and Company, Lexington Massachusetts. 1992. Walbruck, Harry A. Deutschland; Ein neuer Anfang. National Textbook Company, Lincolnwood, Illinois 1992.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Where Do You Start When Choosing the Best Argumentative Essay Topics?There are a lot of essay topics that you can choose from if you want to create some different and effective arguments to persuade your audience. But where do you start when it comes to essay topics?Before choosing an essay topic, you should have a good idea of what type of essay you would like to write. And you should know what you are trying to achieve with the essay topic. If you're aiming for a specific grade or goal, you will need to go with a topic that is appropriate.So how do you find good essay topics? The best thing you can do is ask for help from others who are already doing research on a particular topic. Sometimes, you may even be able to access their research material from their own websites. Or you can simply ask your fellow students or colleagues if they know of anyone that has written on the topic that interests you.As for academic essays, the only thing you need to make sure of is that you're well v ersed in the topic. Researching on the topic is one of the best ways to get an overview of the entire topic. And having a good overview of the topic is key when writing the essay.Once you know what you are writing about, then you will have a better idea of the details of the specific topic. Having a good outline of the topic is also key to get started. With the outline in hand, you will be able to focus on the things that you need to say in order to make the best argumentative essay.How do you go about choosing a good topic? For most people, the main thing they look for is something interesting. But the most important thing you have to do is to choose a topic that you will find interesting. Another thing you have to do is to narrow down the scope of the topic. Don't worry if the topic is a bit outside of your expertise, just focus on the most important issues that you want to include in your essay.You don't have to be a professional writer to get started when choosing a topic. There are many online resources available that will help you get started when it comes to essay topics.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Summary The term Ã¢â¬Å"Public HealthÃ¢â¬ describes how a society strives to keep the conditions of the public to be healthy to all individuals. The healthcare industry continues to change for the good of society, although the pedagogy in the universities that teaches our future healthcare professionals are lagging in their changes to the curriculum. There is a need to change our public health major to a population health major. Population health is not just policies and programs to keep public society healthy, it is an approach that looks at all the factors that can influence healthy individuals over the course of their lives. There are many benefits to this change. Students of University of Arkansas will benefit because this change will give our undergraduates the advantage to compete for the best healthcare careers in the industry. The University benefits are the promise of attracting more healthcare degree sought students and the potential to work together with healthcare busines ses to shape the curriculum so that it is exactly what is needed. This change will cost the university professorÃ¢â¬â¢s time and research but the future outcome is notably leading the healthcare education in the right direction. Introduction The Public HealthÃ¢â¬â¢s program of study should be expanded because the landscape of healthcare has changed. My proposal is to change the curriculum and title to Population Health to better equip students with the knowledge about current issues facing health within theShow MoreRelatedThe Issue of Public Health835 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages1) How is public health financed in your state, province, or country? How does the current budget crisis impact Public Health and Community services in your area? The issue of public health and its subsequent impact on society as a whole is becoming a very contentious issues for government. In the midst of an election year, public health issues such as Medicare, social security, and disease prevention are all becoming more prevalent. In the state of New Jersey, public health is no different inRead MoreThe Controversial Issue Of Public Health Issue725 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesProf: Dr. Praphul Joshi 10/23/2013 Controversial Public Health Issue There are several controversial issues confronting us today; from Universal Healthcare (Obama Care) to Stem Cell research, to vaccinations, to genetically engineered (GE)/genetically modified (GM) foods. However, I shall look at genetically modified foods as the controversial issue for this article. I shall look at an article from the mass media about this controversial public health issue and place emphasis on the message the documentRead MoreHealth Issues Of The Public Health Field857 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt is a matter of fact that women in the past and the recent present have had many public health issues that were hard on them, and they had to deal with these problems more than men did. However, they have overcome some of these issues, but there are still issues in the public healthÃ¢â¬â¢s area women are still dealing with. Unfortunately, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s issues were only mentioned if they had to do with maternity c are only, and rather than that they were ignored. Anything beyond maternity care was not on theRead MorePublic Health And Health Promotion Issues2662 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesin the context of the nurse-patient relationship (Naidoo and Wills, 2000) Public health is a pro-active field of medicine that is concerned primarily with improving the health of populations rather than just the health of individuals. The challenge of maintaining the health of populations is the responsibility of health care professionals and the optimal use of available resources can assure overall improvement in health promotion within a population. This essay will explore and critically analyseRead MoreHealth Care Is A Public Health Issue1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHealth care is a public health issue that continues to trouble different countries yearly. There is always a debate on whether health care is a human right issue or if it is just a luxury. Every year, it is always heard on the news about how a country is trying to improve their health care system, but there are always roadblocks that hinder the bill from passing. This paper will discuss about the best and worst parts of other countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ health care systems, previous problems that the U. S health careRead MoreMeasuring a Public Health Issue1366 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPublic Heath Assignment 2 Measuring a public health issue a1667927 1. Describe why this health problem is a public health issue for young Australians. Asthma is a chronic condition affecting the respiratory system and has a considerable impact on both individuals and a population. Everybody is susceptible to asthma, some more than others, depending of a variety of factors including, age, sex, geographical location and income. Asthma is particularly prevalent in younger children and the elderly andRead MoreElements of Public Health Issues700 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIntroduction Public health significance refers the impact that a health hazard or health issue has for a collective group of people. In other words, the unit of analysis is the health of a population not the health of the individuals, per se, who make up that population. When a health hazard or health issue is determined to have public health significance, the determinants of public health become a focus. Widespread recognition for the impact of biosocial variables on health drives an institutionalRead MorePublic Health Issue Of Vaccinations2238 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAbstract This paper examines the controversy surrounding the public health issue of vaccinations in children. Following a careful review of the literature surrounding this issue, the possible reasons for and implications of having a large percentage of the population who remains unvaccinated are discussed. Possible interventions and purposed interventions for resolution of this problem are discussed and conclusions are drawn based on what it learned from the literature. Keywords: controversy, vaccinationsRead MoreDepression As Public Health Issue2353 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesDepression as Public Health Issue Mental Health Statistics show that at some point in our lives, 1 in 4 people will experience some kind of mental health problem. With Anxiety and Depression being the most commonly diagnosed forms of mental illness, current thinking shows that tackling this problem head on, by addressing depression through treatment in clinical practice but also in the wider community as a major public health concern. (Mental Health Foundation , 2014) To combat this overwhelmingRead MorePublic Health Issue: Smoking2002 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPublic Health Issue: Smoking This essay is aimed to explore, analyse and discuss smoking in adults. Smoking is a public health issue as such is one of the major contributors to high mortality and ill-health in the adults which is preventable (Health and Excellence Care (NICE) (2012). The United Kingdom (UK) is known to have the highest number of people with a history of smoking among people with low socio-economic status (Scriven and Garman, 2006; Goddard and Green, 2005). Smoking is considered
Friday, May 15, 2020
Criminal Activity and Charles Dickens Great Expectations, like the majority of Charles Dickens fiction, contains several autobiographical connotations that demonstrate the authors keen observational talents. Pip, the novels protagonist, reflects Dickens painful childhood memories of poverty and an imprisoned father. According to Robert Coles, there was in this greatest of storytellers an unyielding attachment of sorts to his early social and moral experiences (566). Complementing Dickens childhood memories of crime and poverty was his legal training, reflected in the characterizations of lawyers and the abundance of criminal activity that hovers around the world of Great Expectations. Charles DickensÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Jaggers at it (195; ch. 24). Pip describes his guardian as a man who: . . . was striking (the witness), and the bench, and everybody present, with awe. If anybody, of whatsoever degree, said a word that he didnt approve of, he instantly required to have it taken down. If anybody wouldnt make an admission, he said. Ill have it out of you! and if anybody made an admission, he said, Now I have got you! The magistrates shivered under a single bite of his finger. Thieves and thief-takers hung in dread rapture on his words, and shrank when a hair of his eyebrows turned in their direction. . . . [H]e was making the legs of the old gentleman who presided, quite convulsive under the table, by his denunciations of his conduct as the representative of British law and justice in that chair that day. (195-96; ch. 24) Holdsworth mentions that passages such as these are a very valuable addition to our authorities, since they give us information we can get nowhere else and were painted by a man with extraordinary powers of observation, who had first hand knowledge (Collins 175). Taking his extraordinary powers of observation into consideration, it is no surprise that Dickens spent part of his early career as a journalist. Following his legal apprenticeship, Dickens became a court reporter for the Court ofShow MoreRelatedMagwitch Character Analysis1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto go towards the innocent boy but was jolted back as if his foot had been caught. Magwitch felt his ankle chafing against a rough, cold piece of metal that had rubbed his inner foot for so long that he feared the skin might never grow back. The criminal had learned to ignore it after countless years in prison, but he was ready to be done with the wretched thing. His mind sought desperately for a plan when the boy began to walk towards the gravestone Magwitch was crouching behind. Without thinkingRead MoreOliver Twist By Charles Dickens1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ Oliver Twist, Dickens frequently explains how Ã¢â¬Å"callous and uncaring Victorian society was (Shmoop Edit orial Team),Ã¢â¬ as well as how clothing affects oneÃ¢â¬â¢s social class. The protagonist of this eventful and heart wrenching story, Oliver Twist, is a naive young man who endures intense abuse and starvation in Victorian EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s workhouses. He keeps his hopes high and has a turn-around from his past life of misery. During this morose experience, Oliver sees the realization of Victorian EnglandRead MoreChild Exploitation During The Victorian Era1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEnglish novelist Charles Dickens was born into an underprivileged family during the Victorian Era. His father was jailed and Dickens was sent to work in a factory at the age of twelve (Dutta 1). It can be deduced because of DickensÃ¢â¬â¢s formative years, one much like OliverÃ¢â¬â¢s from Oliver Twist, Dickens felt the need to criticize the conditions of his time period (Diniejko). The novel is well known for being about an orphaned child who starts his life in an orphanage workhouse, gets invol ved in aRead MoreOliver Twist Characterization of the Criminal Mind In Charles Dickens novel, Oliver Twist,1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOliver Twist Characterization of the Criminal Mind In Charles Dickens novel, Oliver Twist, Dickens portrays the hardships of people in poverty during the Victorian era through Oliver and various characters throughout the novel. Oliver is born into a workhouse with no name where he is starved, beaten, and treated like a prisoner during the first ten years of his life. Dickens makes all his characters in the novel Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦either a jailor or a prisoner, like Dickens himself both, the author and his turnRead MoreOliver Twist: The Battle for Morality831 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Battle for Morality in Oliver Twist In Oliver Twist, author Charles Dickens attacks the decomposing morals of Victorian society and law in the form of writing. He addresses major social conflicts and struggles between the rich, who hold positions of power, and the poor and working class who fight for economic justice. In addition, the book is representative of the need for moral values based on the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s believe that people should not be oppressed, that every person deserves a chance. TheRead MoreGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExpectations, Charles Dickens voices the concerns of many that lived in Victorian England during the 19th century by promoting such a desire to live life in a more prosperous social class. One of the most fundamental and reoccurring themes in the novel is that of social class. Throughout the novel, the reader examines the protagonist, known as Pip, as he transforms from a poor working boy into a wealthy gentlemen. Similarly, in 1998, Alfonso Cuaron creat ed a film adaptation of DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ novel and -Read More How Charles DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ Life Influenced Oliver Twist Essays2086 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHow Charles DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ Life Influenced Oliver Twist Ã¢â¬Å"The range of his creative activity is, in the first place, limited to the world of his youthÃ¢â¬ (Cecil 169). This quote explains many people. What has previously happened to a person has a tremendous impact on them. It can affect their decisions, emotions, and life. The life of a person can sometimes be seen quite easily through what they do. Artists often reveal what their life has been like through the works that they create. The same can beRead More Sympathy for Pip in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens Essay2049 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSympathy for Pip in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens problems with format Ã Great Expectations is a novel in which each character is a subject of either sympathy or scorn.Ã Charles Dickens implies through his use of guilt and suffering that Pip is a subject of sympathy.Ã Frazier Russell wrote that in Great Expectations the protagonist (through his suffering and disappointment), learns to accept his station in life.(Ã Also through Pips suffering comes the sympathy the reader feelsRead More Laws, Crime and Punishment in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens3288 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesLaws, Crime and Punishment in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens Great Expectations criticises the Victorian judicial and penal system. Through the novel, Charles Dickens displays his point of view of criminality and punishment. This is shown in his portraits of all pieces of such system: the lawyer, the clerk, the judge, the prison authorities and the convicts. In treating the theme of the Victorian system of punishment, Dickens shows his position against prisons, transportation and deathRead MoreCrime And Criminality In Charles Dickenss Great Expectations1752 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesare predominant in Charles Dickens bildungsroman novel Ã¢â¬ËGreat ExpectationsÃ¢â¬â¢ published in 1861, which depicts the growth of the protagonist Pip and his desires to establish himself as a gentleman. With reference to Great Expectations, Dickens denotes one of his felonious characters as a Ã¢â¬Å"creature of neglectÃ¢â¬ yet at another point in the novel he refers to criminals as Ã¢â¬Å"irreclaimable wretchesÃ¢â¬ . Philip Collins details DickensÃ¢â¬â¢ li beral position towards crime, observing that Dickens had Ã¢â¬Å"strong and conflicting
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Obergefell v. Hodges, the United States Supreme Court held that same sex couples can now exercise the fundamental right of marriage nationwide. Justice Kennedy reached this result by redefining what marriage is. James Obergefell and John Arthur married in Maryland in 2013. They lived in Ohio, which did not recognize same sex marriage. When John Arthur was diagnosed with ALS, the couple sued to have ObergefellÃ¢â¬â¢s name placed on the death certificate as a surviving spouse. The U.S. District Court overturned OhioÃ¢â¬â¢s law banning same-sex marriage. The respondents appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. On appeal, the decision was reversed; therefore, ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s death certificate could not have ObergefallÃ¢â¬â¢s name on it. The case was brought to the Supreme Court and consolidated with three similar cases. The Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision finalized the questions of whether states have the right to pass laws treating marriages differently based upon sex, and if states have to acknowledge the marriage of same-sex couples who were married in another state. On a 5-4 decision, the Court determined that the Fourteenth Amendment requires states to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples because they cannot be treated differently than opposite sex couples. The court also determined that states have to recognize same-sex marriages the same way they do with opposite-sex. However, the Supreme Court did not create a law about same sex marriage, it just stated thatShow MoreRelatedThe Constitutional History II On The United States1544 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesClause of the Fourteenth Amendment. (Lempert, 2015) The case of Obergefell v. Hodges was a case that held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires all states to recognize and grant same sex marriage licenses to couples that have been granted that right in other jurisdictions. This case may be considered a significant decision of the United States Supreme Court when analyzing US Constitutional History, but the real question is whether or not this case was decided and analyzed using the framework of legalRead MoreLegalization Of Same Sex Marriage1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbecause of popular case which is called the Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). This very important case involved Ã¢â¬Å"14 same-sex couples and two men whose same-sex partners are deceasedÃ¢â¬ in this case the couples argued that the Ã¢â¬Å"state officials violated [their] 14th amendment by denying them the right to marry or to have marriages lawfully performed in another state given full recognition and also violated their equal protection Clause.Ã¢â¬ The supreme court ruled in favor for this case because in the 14thRead MoreWhy Did The 14th Amendment Guarantees Equal Protection Under The Law?1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStates. This all occurred becaus e of the Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) case. This very important case involved Ã¢â¬Å"14 same-sex couples and two men whose same-sex partners are deceasedÃ¢â¬ and the couples argued that the Ã¢â¬Å"state officials violated [their] 14th amendment by denying them the right to marry or to have marriages lawfully performed in another state given full recognition and also violated their equal protection Clause. The supreme court ruled for this case because in the 14th Amendment it clearlyRead MoreThe Tension Between Liberty And Equality2115 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesequality are Ã¢â¬Å"slowly disclosedÃ¢â¬ and only become apparent in the long-term analysis, whereas those of liberty can be seen immediately and are Ã¢â¬Å"apparent to allÃ¢â¬ (203)Ã¢â¬âcombined with the initial point, it appears far more valuable to men in the short-term to place greater value on equality. These two points are also valuable justifications when considering TocquevilleÃ¢â¬â¢s secondary argument to be discussed later in this analysis. Following from TocquevilleÃ¢â¬â¢s observations of the tension between libertyRead MoreConvention Of The States Argument Essay1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe 12th and still most recent state to come on board with the Convention of the States. Over the last 40 years, 27 states have supported the idea, but only twelve have passed an application affirming approval (Personal Address). As stated in Article V of the Constitution, a Convention of the States would require a 2/3 approval from state legislatures (Texas Gov.). Most recently, the Convention of the States Project took pride in hitting three-million supporters nationwide. Advocates including SenatorRead MoreAnalysis Of Paul Loeb s Soul Of A Citizen1687 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbut also of the entire world as well. A good citizen will stand up for what they consider important. As the quote by Giroux states, it is a responsibility to others as well, as the brave citizen is doing the entire community a favor as well. The analysis inclu ded in this paper will allow a reader to fathom what it means to bring change about, to get oneÃ¢â¬â¢s voice heard, and to stand up for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs, hopes and desires. This paper will be proceeded in a manner that not only summarizes the key ideasRead MoreThe Power Of A Society s Justice System1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaffecting the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s international standing. SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s shared understanding of values and its behaviors influenced by the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s rulings, while simultaneously, influencing international interpretations of justice, are exposed through the analysis of ideological and behavioral codes. Key to the understanding of American values and the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s rulings is the political theory interwoven between the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s framework. Liberty, justice, and equality are at the heart of American democracyRead MoreSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal Under International Law1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand I call on all members of our UN family to unite in rejecting homophobia as discrimination that can never be tolerated at our workplaceÃ¢â¬ . Ban Ki-moon, the 8th Secretary General of the UN, commented on the United States Supreme Court case Obergefell v. Hodges by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"A great step forward. Denying couples legal recognition of their relationship opens the door to widespread discrimination.Ã¢â¬ This shows the growth and change of open mindedness all around the world over past centuries (PublicRead MoreI Chose The United States Of America As My Case Study,1355 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI chose the United States of America as my case study, due to its re markable design that is still in effect today. Although itÃ¢â¬â¢s far from perfect it has been present since 1776 without signs of it diminishing anytime soon. Understanding the reasons why it was established in the first place is crucial to grasping an educated analysis. Analyzing the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ history, background, and governmental design in a hypothetical approach will entail a better understanding in how and why it developed itsRead MoreThe United States1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe history of the United States tends to be understood through analysis of periods of conflict. From the Revolutionary War, to the Civil War, both World Wars, the Cold War (and its affiliate proxy incidents), and finally modern day. What this skeletal description misses are the individual struggles of people who spent their lives marginalized due to societal stereotypes and discriminatory legislation. Groups have been affected due to identities that include but are not limited to: race, re ligion
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Impact of relocating sendong survivor of barangay bayug iligan city after the typhoon sendong free essay sample
Iligan City was one of the places in the Philippines devastated by Typhoon Sendong(International name: Washi) last December 17, 2011out of the 44 Barangay that compose IliganCity, 22 Barangay were severally affected. Six thousand (6,000) families were displaced and have received different kinds of survival assistance and support worldwide. However, Bayug Island a part of Barangay Bayug has been declared as no ManÃ¢â¬â¢s LAND or Danger Zone (because its 6 -7 feet below sea level) for men resident are no longer allowed to reside in that place. More that five hundred household need to be relocated in different relocation areas designated by the local and national government to include local national and international (NGOÃ¢â¬â¢s). There is urgent call for all benefactors ( local, national and international) to find an appropriate area to become the permanent relocation site for the Typhoon Sendong family victims This research focuses on the relocation of the Sendong Victim towards to their new relocation and socialization of the victims in Barangay Bayug Island, however the researcher choose this topic in order to guide the respondents for their improvement in making harmonious relationship and psychological status Theoretical Framework This study used the following Socialization theories by (Freud) and Neurosis Theory by (Horney). We will write a custom essay sample on Impact of relocating sendong survivor of barangay bayug iligan city after the typhoon sendong or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Socialization is an integral part of the process every human being, regardless of gender, culture or geographical location, goes through from childhood through adulthood. It is a never-ending process. But it is especially important during the formative years of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. In brief, socialization can be described as the process by which an individual acquires his or her own personal identity. He or she learns the values, norms, social behavioral patterns and social skills needed to integrate in and become a functioning member of their particular society. Musgrave (1998) said that Socialization is education in the broadest sense: It is the process whereby one acquires a sense of personal identity and learns what people in the surrounding culture believe and how they expect one to behaveÃ¢â¬ Socialization is broadly categorized into two: primary and secondary socialization. Primary socialization is phenomenal during infancy and early childhood while secondary socialization is most prevalent after early childhood and continues even in old age. In addition, secondary socialization incorporates a term resocialization. Resocialization refers to the process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of transition in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. It is most prevalent in reform schools, political indoctrination camps, prisons and therapy groups. Horneys theory is perhaps the best theory of neurosis we have. First, she offered a different way of viewing neurosis. She saw it as much more continuous with normal life as previous theorists. Specifically, she saw neurosis as an attempt to make life bearable, as a way of interpersonal control and coping. This is, of course, what we all strive to do on a day-to-day basis, only most of us seem to be doing alright, while the neurotic seems to be sinking fast. From her experiences as a psychiatrist, Horney named ten patterns of neurotic needs.  These ten needs are based upon things which she thought all humans require succeeding in life. Horney modified these needs somewhat to correspond with what she believed were individuals neuroses. A neurotic person could theoretically exhibit all of these needs, though in practice much fewer than the ten here need to be present for a person to be considered a neurotic. The ten needs, as set out by Horney, (classified according to her so-called coping strategies) are as follows: Moving Toward People 1. The need for affection and approval; pleasing others and being liked by them. 2. The need for a partner; one whom they can love and who will solve all problems. Moving Against People 3. The need for power; the ability to bend wills and achieve control over othersÃ¢â¬âwhile most persons seek strength, the neurotic may be desperate for it. 4. The need to exploit others; to get the better of them. To become manipulative, fostering the belief that people are there simply to be used. 5. The need for social recognition; prestige and limelight. 6. The need for personal admiration; for both inner and outer qualitiesÃ¢â¬âto be valued. 7. The need for personal achievement; though virtually all persons wish to make achievements, as with No. 3, the neurotic may be desperate for achievement. Moving Away from People 8. The need for self sufficiency and independence; while most desire some autonomy, the neurotic may simply wish to discard other individuals entirely. 9. The need for perfection; while many are driven to perfect their lives in the form of well being, the neurotic may display a fear of being slightly flawed. 10. Lastly, the need to restrict life practices to within narrow borders; to live as inconspicuous a life as possible. Horney noticed that, in contrast to our stereotypes of children as weak and passive, their first reaction to parental indifference is anger, a response she calls basic hostility. To be frustrated first leads to an effort at protesting the injustice! Conceptual Framework In order to gain clearer understand on the schematic diagram of the study, this section presented to conceptual framework of the study which focuses on the relationship of the variables of Impact of Relocating Sendong Survivor as show in figure 1. Independent variable in this study focuses on the personal profile of the Sendong Victim and their socialization process. Figure 1. The schematic diagram showing the interplay of variables in the study. Statement of the Problem The main thrust of this research was to find out the Impact of Relocating the Sendong Victim toward to their new communities and common problems of socialization process Specifically, this research sought to answer the following question: 1. Socio Ã¢â¬â Demographic profile of the Respondent. 1. 1 Gender 1. 2 Age 1. 3 Civil Status; and 1. 4 Educational Background? 2. Coping Mechanism of the survivors after the typhoon sendong. 2. 1 Cognitive Mechanism 2. 2 Conversion Mechanism 2. 3 Adaptive Mechanism 2. 4 Avoidance Mechanism 3. Advantage and Disadvantage of Relocation. 4. Effect of relocation to the livelihood of Sendong Survivors. 5. Common problems in the relocation area and how did they address the problems. 6. What can the survivors say in Relocation then? Hypothesis Ho1 there is a great significant of the profile of sendong victim respondent and the impact of survey because profile can be use as bases for the solution of sending victim relocation problem. Significance The results of findings of this study provide more knowledge and information to the brangay / city official to the department of social welfare and development office, and the other national agencies which are responsible for expending humanitarian services Specifically, the study would be greater help by giving black and white written result of the survey and this would encourage unity and collaboration among all other sectors in the society. Scope and Limitation The research work is focus on the impact of senoding survivor relocation situation in their relation family, educational, and social growth in development Those who are victims of sendong survivor family who where victims of typhoon sendong last December 17, 2011. Respondent. Actual interviewed 9 heads of the family beneficiaries. Income. They are provided in kind material, food, health, education material and their psychosocial activity needs Chapter 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN My research procedure required actual interview from the Sendong Victim beneficiary. The facts gathered were analyzed and became the basis of recommendation/suggestions to the authority concern for proper resolution Research Design The survey was conducted through guide questionnaire presented and answered by respondents which hdone on the 25th day of August 2012. Emotion, psychological and mental condition of respondents were taken seriously by human consideration, respect and understanding. The results of the survey were strictly kept confidential and official. Research Environment The study was conducted at Barangay Sta. Elina, Iligan City. Where the Sendong Survivor was relocated and most of them are from Barangay Bayug Island. Respondent The respondents of the study are the Sendong Survivor which has been relocated at Sta. Elina, the respondents of this inquiry representing 100% of the total population. Data Gathering Instrument The said questionnaire was distributed by the researcher personally but most of them are personal interviewed. The questionnaire that has been distributed would be left and retrieved after I finish my interview to the other respondents. This allowed the researcher to remind the respondents understanding and persuasive in conducting this survey and personally interview. Research Instrument The instrument used in this study employed structured questionnaire to gather the necessary data from the respondents. The draft of the questionnaire was writing out based on their situation in Barangay Sta. Elina. In the preparation of the instrument, the requirements in the design of good data collection instruments were considered. For instance, statement describing the situation or issues, of relocating the Sendong Survivor Respondents. In this way, the instrument is authorized to obtain valid response of the readers. Preference for the use of the structured questionnaire is premised on several research assumptions such as a) cost of being a least expensive means of gathering data, b) avoidance of personal bias, c) less pressure for immediate response and giving the respondents a greater feeling of anonymity. In the end, in encourage open response to sensitive issue at hand. Statistical Treatment of Data The researcher used percentage method as the statistical tool in analyzing and calculating the gathered data. Responses were converted into percentage using formula to determine the percentage per group data. The frequency of each group was simply divided by the total (N) of the population. Thus, the total percentage were equal to 100% P = (f/N)*100 Where: P = Percentage F = frequency N = total number of respondents Thus, P = (f/9)*100 Where, 6= total number of respondents Chapter 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSES, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA This chapter comprises the analysis, presentation and interpretation of the findings resulting from this study. The analysis and interpretation of data is carried out in two phases. The first part, which is based on the results of the questionnaire, deals with a quantitative analysis of data. The second, which is based on the results of the interview and focus group discussions, is a qualitative interpretation. Analysis of Questionnaires Of a total of 9 questionnaires distributed, only 3 completed questionnaires were the base for computing the results. The remaining (3) are non-response. This means that 3 questionnaire out of 6 questionnaire distributed, were completely discarded from the analysis. The rest, (3 questionnaire) were used to interpret the results. Data gathered through the questionnaire was subjected to frequency counts. In other words, the subjects responses for each individual question were added together to find the highest frequency of occurrence. These responses to the question, which are qualified, are then presented in percentage forms. This analysis is presented in tabular form. The researcher uses containing a variable and in some cases, combines two or more variables in single table. The first section of the questionnaire sought to identify the subject what are their coping mechanism did they uses in able to overcome their situation. It enables the researcher to identify the responses of those subjects who had never used a coping mechanism and exclude them from the analysis. 4. 1. 1 Profile of Respondent by Gender Gender Frequency Percentage Male 2 20% Female 4 70% Total 6 100% Table 1 shows that out of (6) respondents, two (2) or (20%) are male, while four (4) or (70%) are female. It shows that majority of the respondents are male. 4. 1. 2 Profile of Respondent by Gender Civil Status Frequency Percentage Single 0 0 Married 6 70% Total 6 100% Table 2 shows that all of the respondents are married. It implies that all of them have their siblings. 4. 1. 2 Profile of Respondent by Gender Educational Attainment Frequency Percentage High school level 0 0 High school graduate 1 10% College level 2 30% College graduate 3 60% Total 6 100% Table 3 shows that out of (6) respondents one (1) or (10%) of the respondents are in the high school graduate. The two (2) or (30%) is in the college level. While the last three (3) or (60%) of the respondents are college graduate. It implies that majority of the respondent are knowledgeable. 4. 1. 3How did you overcome to the things happing in your life, did you use sort of coping mechanism? VARIABLEFREQ. PERC. A = YES 4 70% B= NO 2 20% Table 3 shows that only 4 (70%) of the subject are using the coping mechanism in order to overcome the tragedies happing in their life. The rest 2 (20%) of the population are not using the coping mechanism, although there is a vast difference in the number. The total number of those who use coping mechanism will be used as a total sample size. The result is based on the subjectÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences and not on speculation or what they believe or think, and should therefore be reliable. It also interesting to note the high number of subject who are using coping mechanism more than once. Chapter 5 SUMMARY OF FINDING, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION While the preceding chapters conferred the findings and analysis of this study, this chapter presents the summary of the findings, conclusion, and recommendation based on the previous chater. Summary of Findings The major findings of the study are the following: 1. Majority (70%) of the respondents are female 2. All (100%) of the respondents are married 3. Majority (60%) of the respondents are college graduate 4. Some (70%) are using the coping mechanism